In the cold season we are prone to colds and flu. For a meaningful therapy an accurate diagnosis is important, because cold and flu differ significantly and have to be treated differently.

If you have flu, the fever usually rises to 39 degrees. That’s rather rare with colds.

Headaches are more likely to appear in influenza than in in colds.

– Flu can cause severe muscle aches

– A stuffy nose is more pronounced with a cold than with flu

– Neck pain is more common in a cold than flu

Flu or influenza is a viral disease in which the incubation period is 1-2 days: the infection starts with a high fever, is characterized by chills, muscle pain, headache, eye problems, drowsiness. Influenza is a very contagious viral disease, which develops mainly in the winter months or because of sudden temperature changes caused by a virus. The treatment consists of the use of antivirals on the recommendation of a doctor. In mild forms of the flu, antipyretic and analgesic drugs are given, in addition to cough medicine and vitamin and mineral supplements.

The common cold occurs – mainly in winter – and can be caused by 200 virus types. Often the cold is associated with a stuffy nose and it comes to frequent sneezing. Depending on the type of virus headache, cough, sore throat or even fever may occur. Similar to the flu, the virus spreads quickly through the air, through direct contact with sick people and touching contaminated objects. Symptoms begin 2-3 days after infection and usually last 14 days. When treating the common cold, antibiotics should not be used. Antipyretic (antipyretics) and an additional supply of vitamins and minerals are recommended.

For the prevention of flu and cold

– frequent hand washing

– Sneeze and nose clean only with handkerchiefs, the handkerchief should only be used once

– drink lots of water! (several liters a day)

– Sauna (only with cold)

– regular exercise and healthy diet

In serious cases, a doctor must consult. For the right choice and dosage of the medication you need to be consulted by your doctor or pharmacist.