The Alba Iulia Fortress is located in the southwestern part of Transylvania and is an important cultural and spiritual center.
Earlier, the Roman fortress Apulum (important center of the Roman rule of the area of Dacia) was located on the site of today’s fortress.
Numerous sources prove the existence of prehistoric settlements from the 5th millennium BC. Furthermore, an important Neolithic settlement (5000-1900 BC) was discovered in the northern part of the city, inhabited by tribes of pastors and peasants. Numerous places in the territory of the city (La vii, the plateau of the Romans), for example, revealed objects from the Bronze Age (1700-1000 BC).
On November 1, 1599 Mihai Viteazul entered Alba Iulia and achieved the political union of Transylvania, Moldova and Wallachia under his leadership. The rule over the city was handed over to him by the Bishop of Transylvania, Demetrius Napragyi.
On December 1, 1918, the National Assembly of Alba Iulia decided by a statement the merger of Transylvania, Banat, Crisana and Maramures with Romania.
The National College “Horea, Closca and Crisan” is the first Romanian high school in Transylvania, which was founded in February 1919. Until 1948 it was called “Mihai Viteazul”.
The main area of the city is the fortress Alba Carolina, a fortress in the Vauban style with seven star-shaped bastions. St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Cathedral is one of the most valuable architectural monuments in Transylvania. It was built in the late Romanesque style, exactly at the time when the Notre-Dame de Paris, 1247-1291, was built. The Rehabilitation Cathedral, the Mihai Viteazul Memorial Church, the Roman Castle and the Old Fortress (Middle Ages), the Princely Palace, the Apor Palace, the Archdiocesan Palace, the Batthyaneum Library, the Unirii Hall, the Alba Iulia Union National Museum, the largest Romanesque building In the city and many other buildings shape the history of this unique place, so that many tourists are attracted.